Worldwide celebrations of the dead combines to create modern Halloween
In Africa a similar tradition was already established: "It was reported by Dutch visitors to Loango in the 1668 book Description of Africa as referring both to a material item and the spiritual entity that inhabits it."
"Banganga harness the powers of bakisi and the dead by making minkisi. Minkisi are primarily containers - ceramic vessels, gourds, animal horns, shells, bundles, or any other object that can contain spiritually-charged substances.
Even graves themselves, as the home of the dead and hence the home of bakisi, can be considered as minkisi. In fact, minkisi have even been described as portable graves, and many include earth or relics from the grave of a powerful individual as a prime ingredient. The powers of the dead thus infuse the object and allow the nganga to control it."
A multitude of cultures, including Celtic and African combined to create what we know as Halloween today. Instead of gourds, Americans began to use pumpkins because they were a readily-available crop, the result of being grown for thousands of years as a food crop by Native Americans.
Today, Americans spend an estimated $6 billion annually on Halloween, making it the country’s second largest commercial holiday after Christmas.
Giving away food in the name of the dead
Will o the wisp: http://inamidst.com/lights/wisp/blesson1832
Halloween version 5.0 history